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Rawlins APA-226 - History

Rawlins APA-226 - History

Rawlins

(APA-226: dp. 14 833 1. 455' b. 62' dr. 28'1" s. 17 k.cpl 536 tr 1,562 a; 1 5" 12 40 mm cl. Haskell :T.VC2-S-AP5)

Rawlins (APA-226), built under Maritime Commission contract (MCV hul1 672), was laid down by the Kaiser Co. Ine., Vancouver, Wash., 10 August 1944, launched 21 October 1944, sponsored by Mrs. C. Connors delivered to the Maritime Commission 10 November 1941; acquired by the Navy on loan-charter basis and commissioned 11 November 1944, Comdr. S. Beightler in command.

Following shakedown and training off the California coast Rawlins put into San Francisco for loading and routing to South Pacific ports. On 16 January 1945, she sailed for New Caledonia with miscellaneous cargo and Army replacemellt units. After delivery to Noumea, she continued on to Guadalcanal, arriving 8 February to join TransRon 18, then rehearsing for operation "Iceberg " the assault on Okinawa.

On 14 March Rawlins, with ist Marine Division units embarked, got underway for Ulithi for final logistics and on 27 March sailed for the Hagushi beaches on Okinawa. Arriving 1 April she remained until the 5th then retired to Saipan, whence she continued east to San Francisco. In July she returned to Okinawa with reinforcements, then, in early August, carried fresh troops to the Philippines from the east coast.

After the cessation of hostilities, Rawlins ferried ocoupation troops to Japan, then at the end of October was assigned to transport Army troops from the Philippines to San Francisco. On 27 July 1946 she terminated her last "Magic Carpet" run at Pearl Harbor, then swung south, transited the Panama Canal, and on 5 August arrived at Norfolk for inactivation.

Navy owned as of 26 May 1946, Rawlins decommissioned 15 November 1946 and was berthed at Norfolk as a unit of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. There for the next 12 years, Rawlins was transferred to the Maritime Administration 19 September 1958 and her name was struck from the Navy list 1 October 1958.


Rawlins APA-226 - History


Operational history

World War II

Following shakedown and training off the California coast Rawlins put into San Francisco for loading and routing to South Pacific ports. On 16 January 1945, she sailed for New Caledonia with miscellaneous cargo and Army replacement units. After delivery to Noumບ, she continued on to Guadalcanal, arriving 8 February to join TransRon 18, then rehearsing for Operation Iceberg, the assault on Okinawa.

Invasion of Okinawa

On 14 March Rawlins, with 1st Marine Division units embarked, got underway for Ulithi for final logistics and on 27 March sailed for the Hagushi beaches on Okinawa. Arriving 1 April she remained until the 5th then retired to Saipan, whence she continued east to San Francisco. In July she returned to Okinawa with reinforcements, then, in early August, carried fresh troops to the Philippines from the east coast.

After hostilities

After the cessation of hostilities, Rawlins ferried occupation troops to Japan, then at the end of October was assigned to transport Army troops from the Philippines to San Francisco. On 27 July 1946 she terminated her last Operation Magic Carpet run at Pearl Harbor, then swung south, transited the Panama Canal, and on 5 August arrived at Norfolk for inactivation.


Carbon County, Wyo., in the south-central part of the state stretches north about 95 miles from the southern border and roughly 83 miles east to west. In those 7,896 square miles, the county contains rich natural resources, mountains, scenic vistas and rivers and streams. Indians tribes such as the Ute, Shoshone, Crow, Arapaho, Cheyenne and Lakota regularly crossed what is now Carbon County. Trappers working in the Sierra Madres in the early 1830s held a rendezvous at the base of the mountains in the upper North Platte River Valley. This meeting place became known as the Grand Encampment.

By the 1860s emigrants headed west through the area, often traveling by stagecoach or wagon on the Overland Trail and because of Indian attacks several Forts were built including Fort Halleck built at the base of Elk Mountain in 1862. It was later closed in 1866. In 1867, General John A. Rawlins, chief of staff of the U.S. Army and a civil engineer, surveyed land with Grenville Dodge, chief engineer of the Union Pacific Railroad. Rawlins Spring, later known as Rawlins, was named for General Rawlins and selected as a division point for the railroad. Fort Fred Steele was established in June 1868 to protect the advancing transcontinental railroad where it crossed the North Platte River.

Towns sprang up as the tracks moved west. Among them was Carbon, Wyoming’s first coal town founded in 1868 and named for the rich reserves mined there. From the 1860s to 1880’s seven nearby coal mines fed the locomotives. Carbon, located about 9 miles south east of present-day Hanna lasted until 1902. Hanna, founded in 1889 was also known for coal production and by 1892 production from the mines made Carbon County the second highest coal-producing county in Wyoming. Some coal production still occurs around Hanna.

On Dec. 16th, 1868 Carbon County, earning its name from coal, became one of the original five counties of Wyoming Territory. Carbon stretched north across the entire territory, from Colorado to the Montana line. In succeeding decades, Sheridan, Johnson and Natrona Counties were carved out of Carbon County’s original extent.

In 1873 mountain man Jim Baker built the first permanent log structure in Wyoming in the Little Snake River Valley on the Wyoming-Colorado border, The cabin still stands today on the grounds of the Little Snake River Museum, in Savery, Wyo. Early day Indians enjoyed the hot springs rising in and along the North Platte River along with the plentiful hunting opportunities near present day Saratoga and declared that area neutral ground.

Encampment, Wyo was known for the large copper deposits found there and had the world’s largest ore-bearing aerial tramway- 16 1/2 miles long.

Hunting was prized in the 1870s and sportsmen came as far away as England and Scotland to pursue elk, deer, bighorn sheep, bear and buffalo. Inventor Thomas Edison visited the area on a hunting and fishing trip in 1878 and is often but incorrectly credited with having conceived the idea for the incandescent light bulb.

In the 1880’s sheep and cattle ranches sprang up throughout the county. A blacksmith in Rawlins, James Candlish, is credited with making the first sheep wagon. At one time, Carbon county was home to 2 million sheep.

In 1886, the Territorial Legislature appropriated $75,000 for the building of a state penitentiary in Rawlins. The cornerstone was laid in 1888 but construction did not start until later and begun housing prisoners in 1901. The pen has been a mainstay of the town of Rawlins economy since,with the original building now a musuem.

Writer Owen Wister, who had visited the area often, published the book “The Virginian,” considered the first western novel in 1902 and set parts of the book in the town of Medicine Bow. Train robbers Butch Cassidy and his Wild Bunch visited Baggs and vicinity often during the 1890s and early 1900s.


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Product Description

USS Rawlins APA 226

"Personalized" Canvas Ship Print

(Not just a photo or poster but a work of art!)

Every sailor loved his ship. It was his life. Where he had tremendous responsibility and lived with his closest shipmates. As one gets older his appreciation for the ship and the Navy experience gets stronger. A personalized print shows ownership, accomplishment and an emotion that never goes away. It helps to show your pride even if a loved one is no longer with you. Every time you walk by the print you will feel the person or the Navy experience in your heart (guaranteed).

The image is portrayed on the waters of the ocean or bay with a display of her crest if available. The ships name is printed on the bottom of the print. What a great canvas print to commemorate yourself or someone you know who may have served aboard her.

The printed picture is exactly as you see it. The canvas size is 8"x10" ready for framing as it is or you can add an additional matte of your own choosing. If you would like a larger picture size (11"x 14") on a 13" X 19" canvas simply purchase this print then prior to payment purchase additional services located in the store category (Home) to the left of this page. This option is an additional $12.00. The prints are made to order. They look awesome when matted and framed.

We PERSONALIZE the print with "Name, Rank and/or Years Served" or anything else you would like it to state (NO ADDITIONAL CHARGE). It is placed just above the ships photo. After purchasing the print simply email us or indicate in the notes section of your payment what you would like printed on it. Example:

United States Navy Sailor
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Proudly Served Sept 1963 - Sept 1967

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Contents

World War II [ edit | edit source ]

Following shakedown and training off the California coast Rawlins put into San Francisco for loading and routing to South Pacific ports. On 16 January 1945, she sailed for New Caledonia with miscellaneous cargo and Army replacement units. After delivery to Nouméa, she continued on to Guadalcanal, arriving 8 February to join TransRon 18, then rehearsing for Operation Iceberg, the assault on Okinawa.

Invasion of Okinawa [ edit | edit source ]

On 14 March Rawlins, with 1st Marine Division units embarked, got underway for Ulithi for final logistics and on 27 March sailed for the Hagushi beaches on Okinawa. Arriving 1 April she remained until the 5th then retired to Saipan, whence she continued east to San Francisco. In July she returned to Okinawa with reinforcements, then, in early August, carried fresh troops to the Philippines from the east coast.

After hostilities [ edit | edit source ]

After the cessation of hostilities, Rawlins ferried occupation troops to Japan, then at the end of October was assigned to transport Army troops from the Philippines to San Francisco. On 27 July 1946 she terminated her last Operation Magic Carpet run at Pearl Harbor, then swung south, transited the Panama Canal, and on 5 August arrived at Norfolk for inactivation.


Rawlins County Health Center – History


Rawlins County Hospital began as an idea originating in the Atwood Rotary Club through the untiring efforts of Dr. C.E. Henneberger, M.D. The facility opened in 1950 as Rawlins County Hospital. The hospital was leased to and operated by the Sisters of St. Joseph until 1969, when Rawlins County Hospital, Inc., a private, non-profit corporation, was formed to lease and operate the hospital.

In 1989 the status of the hospital was changed to a public, county-owned operational hospital under the direction of a nine-member elected board, an act which also placed the hospital in full compliance with the County Hospital Act, K.S.A 19-4601 – 19-4625.

In 1992, the hospital Board of Trustees entered into a management agreement with Great Plains Health Alliance, allowing access to many professional consultants and group purchasing benefits. In 1997, the hospital’s name was changed to Rawlins County Health Center to reflect the partnership between the hospital, the rural health clinics, and the new Prairie Plaza Retirement Community.

In 1998, the hospital was converted to Critical Access Hospital status. The hospital maintains a full-service Emergency Room with adjacent Radiology and Laboratory Departments and is open 24/7, 365 days per year. The health care facility maintains a rural health clinic in Atwood. Rawlins County Health Center provides a specialty clinic area within the hospital complex offering local patients the services of outreach specialists who fly, drive, or provide tele-med to Atwood to serve their patient base.

In 2010, Rawlins County Health Center began the renovation and expansion of the 60-year-old facility. Through a Kansas Department of Commerce Community Service Tax Credit Award and a Community Development Block Grant Stimulus Award, new cardiac rehab and physical therapy departments, new patient parking areas, and a new front entrance and admissions area were completed. Rawlins County Health Center also received a $7 million-dollar USDA loan to construct a 10,170 sq. ft. patient wing, ER, lab, and x-ray plus the renovation of 10,000 sq. ft. of existing hospital space.

Rawlins County Health Center 2009

Construction continued at the facility as the Rural Health Clinic moved into the former patient wing. The development of the new Surgical Suite began with a Kansas Department of Commerce Community Service Tax Credit Award and a Community Development Block Grant. Phase II of the Surgical Suite was completed in 2017, with the addition of a central sterile room with the new central sterilization equipment funded by the Dane G. Hansen Foundation.

The Rawlins County Hospital Foundation (established in 1988) was an affiliate (since 2002) of the Area Community Enrichment (ACE) Foundation, a non-profit 501(c)3 organization located in Atwood, Kansas, formed to facilitate donations and grant funds. In 2019, Rawlins County Health Center Foundation was formed to provide a direct 501(c)3 organization to facilitate fundraising for Rawlins County Health Center. Funds from the Rawlins County Hospital Foundation transferred to the new foundation in January 2020.

Rawlins County Health Center has applied for several grants for critical medical equipment during the past few years. Several private foundations and individuals have awarded these applications and assisted with purchasing an automated medication dispensing system, bariatric patient lifts, physical therapy/cardiac rehab exercise equipment, and much more.

Rawlins County Health Center is dedicated to providing professional services to all patients through the medical practices of a local physician, outreach specialists, two physician assistants, two advanced nurse practitioners, and more than 70 employees.

Rawlins County Health Center is an affiliate of Centura Health, Level IV Trauma Center Designation, and a community-based primary care clinic.


Rawlins Family History & Genealogy

A detailed and complete history of the meaning of the surname "Rawlins" may be found under "meaning of the last name Rawlins" below. The history of the Rawlins family and their country of origin, as well as the ethnicity of the Rawlins family, have yet to be added to this page.

History

We don't have any information on the history of the Rawlins name. Have information to share?

Name Origin

There are currently two theories as to the origen of the surname Rawlins. They both concur that it derives from the given name of Ralf or Rolf or Raul. This appears to be of Scandinavian origin and is represented by the form Ráðulfr in Old Norse, Raedwulf in Anglo-Saxon and Rudolf or Radulf in Old German. In each case the name is derived from two root words meaning "counsel, wisdom, or advice" and "wolf" and may be said to have a meaning of "counselled by wolves", "wolf-wise" or "wolf counselor". Forms such as Randwulf, Ranulf and Randal also exist.
At some point the name became monosyllabic and spread across Europe as Ralf, Ralph, Rauf, Raffe, Rolf, Rolph, Rawl, Raul, Roaul etc.
Theory 1 suggests that it is a Saxon "-ingas" surname with the given name followed by "ingas" meaning "the followers of". Raulingas or Rawlings would be applied to all the followers of one individual and showed their allegience. In Britian many place names are derived the same way, with a personal name followed by -ington and -ingham, meaning the place where the group settled. Theory 2 suggests that Raulin is a diminutive form of Raul that arose in France, where it is still used as a given name. Its use both as a given name and proto-surname is known by Norman times and could have been adopted in Britian after 1066. The form Rollins seems later and may be phonetic spelling adopted in Ireland and, thereafter, America.

Spellings & Pronunciations

We don't have any alternate spellings or pronunciation information on the Rawlins name. Have information to share?

Nationality & Ethnicity

We don't have any information on the nationality / ethnicity of the Rawlins name. Have information to share?


یواس‌اس راولینز (ای‌پی‌ای-۲۲۶)

یواس‌اس راولینز (ای‌پی‌ای-۲۲۶) (به انگلیسی: USS Rawlins (APA-226) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن ۴۵۵ فوت (۱۳۹ متر) بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۴ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس راولینز (ای‌پی‌ای-۲۲۶)
300px
پیشینه
مالک
آب‌اندازی: ۱۰ اوت ۱۹۴۴
آغاز کار: ۲۱ اکتبر ۱۹۴۴
به دست آورده شده: ۱۱ نوامبر ۱۹۴۴
اعزام: ۱۱ نوامبر ۱۹۴۴
مشخصات اصلی
گنجایش: 150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons
وزن: 6,873 tons (lt), 14,837 t. (fl)
درازا: ۴۵۵ فوت (۱۳۹ متر)
پهنا: ۶۲ فوت (۱۹ متر)
آبخور: 28 ft 1 in
سرعت: 18 knots

این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. می‌توانید با گسترش آن به ویکی‌پدیا کمک کنید.


Rawlins APA-226 - History

From Wyoming Tales and Trails

This page, John A. Rawlins, the founding of Rawlins, the Rankin Brothers.

Big Horn Basin Black Hills Bone Wars Brands Buffalo Cambria Casper Cattle Drives Centennial Cheyenne Chugwater Coal Camps Cody Deadwood Stage Douglas Dubois Encampment Evanston Ft. Bridger Ft. Fetterman Ft. Laramie Frontier Days Ghost Towns Gillette G. River F. V. Hayden Tom Horn Jackson Johnson County War Kemmerer Lander Laramie Lincoln Highway Lusk Meeteetse Medicine Bow N. Platte Valley Overland Stage Pacific Railroad Rawlins Rock Springs Rudefeha Mine Sheepherding Sheridan Sherman Shoshoni Superior Thermopolis USS Wyoming Wheatland Wild Bunch Yellowstone

Home Table of Contents About This Site

Officers' Quarters, Ft. Rawlings, 1877

Gen. Rawlins was born in Galena, Illinois in 1831. His father abandoned the family to go to California for the 1849 Gold rush. Thus, as a youth Rawlins worked in a store belonging to the father of U.S. Grant. In 1854, Rawlins was admitted to the bar and became Gelena City Attorney in 1857.

Although Rawlins was a "Douglas Democrat" he received a number of promotions during the Civil War while serving under General Grant. In 1861, Rawlings was diagnosed with consumption. Following the war he took a trip to Wyoming for his health and allegedly indicated that the highest honor he could receive would be to have the spring at what is now Rawlins named for him. Following Grant's election he was appointed Secretary of War, but died only five months into his term. The spring, which is now gone, must not have been much. In T. Nelson & Sons, 1871 The Union Pacific Railroad: A Trip across the North American Continent from Omaha to Ogden, the authors described their stop at Rawlins Springs:

Indeed, even water from wells was described as tastings like Epsom Salts, until finally in 1925 water was piped in from Sage Creek.

Among the officers stationed at Ft. Rawlins was Arthur MacArthur, father of Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Arthur MacArthur was transferred to Ft. Rawlins in Sept. 1869 from a recuitment center in the Harlem in New York. Commamding officer at the time was Col. Philippe Regis de Trobriand, who during the Civil War had been a brevet major general and whose father had been a general de brigade in Bonaparte's Grande Armee.

The railroad arrived in 1868. The principal fort, however, was Fort Steele located about 13 miles to the east. The depot depicted in the photo above was constructed in 1901 and is on the National Register.

With the railroad, Rawlins became a transportation center for Northern Colorado and interior Wyoming. Stage lines ran northward to Lander and southward with daily service to Saratoga and Baggs. The White River line ran south to Meeker, Colorado.


Rawlins-Baggs Stage at Rankin Stables, undated.

The Rankin Stables were owned by the Rankin Brothers, James G. Rankin, Joseph P. Rankin, and Robert T. Rankin. James served as deputy sheriff under Isaac M. Lawry and Isaac C. Miller until he was elected as sheriff in his own right on the Republican ticket in 1884. His brother Robert served as jailor and Joseph was appointed as United States Marshal between 1890 and 1894. Joseph Rankin, however, is most noted as the scout for T. T. Thornburgh who was massacred at Milk Creek, Colorado. Joseph brought word back to Fort Steele in an epic 165 mile ride in 28 1/2 hours, changing horses only twice.