History Podcasts

Arizona Senators

Arizona Senators

Arizona Senators

Class 1 Seat

Class 3 Seat






Henry Fountain AshurstDemocrat


Marcus A. SmithDemocrat


Ernest W. McFarlandDemocrat


Ralph H. CameronRepublican


Barry GoldwaterRepublican


Carl T. HaydenDemocrat


Paul J. FanninRepublican


Barry M. GoldwaterRepublican


Dennis W. DeConciniDemocrat


John McCainRepublican


Jon KylRepublican

Each state in the United States elects two senators, regardless of the state&rsquos population. Senators serve six-year terms with staggered elections. Americans in the United States&rsquos six territories do not have senators.

Kyrsten Sinema Makes History As First Openly Bisexual Person Sworn In To Senate

Kyrsten Sinema checked off a couple of firsts as she was sworn in as a senator on Thursday morning.

The Democrat from Arizona became the first openly bisexual person in the Senate, and she’s Arizona’s first female senator. She is also the second openly LGBT person to assume office in the chamber, after Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.). Sinema defeated Republican Martha McSally in the November midterms to replace retired GOP Sen. Jeff Flake.

Sinema is no stranger to making history: In 2013 she became the country’s first openly bisexual member of Congress, serving in the House for six years. The newly minted senator was sworn in alongside Sens. Mitt Romney (R-Utah) and Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.).

Newly-elected senators, including former Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney, are sworn into Congress by Vice President Mike Pence. https://t.co/fBg4gwrQf2

Aside from her historic swearing-in, Sinema looked very chic, arriving in a pink faux-fur-trimmed coat with a polka-dotted pink purse, then sporting a gray faux fur stole for the ceremony. Twitter, of course, took notice.

“Kyrsten Sinema serving Elle Woods as she joins the Senate today is an energy we very much need to carry on through 2019,” one Twitter user wrote.

Another said her outfit was “an image for the ages,” tweeting, “So loved watching Kyrsten Sinema sworn in as Senator in totally fashion forward outfit with tight skirt, dour men around her looking completely flummoxed, like they’re in some strange new world they don’t understand. So true, and so deeply satisfying.”

Scroll below to see more reactions from Twitter users.

[email protected] sporting a pink ensemble today for her first day as a United States Senator pic.twitter.com/41dnAkAjAn

&mdash Elizabeth Landers (@ElizLanders) January 3, 2019

Kyrsten Sinema serving Elle Woods as she joins the Senate today is an energy we very much need to carry on through 2019.

&mdash Michelle Obama's Thigh High Glitter Boots (@rshuffandstuff) January 3, 2019

can we talk about the incredibly weaponized femininity Kyrsten Sinema is bringing to the party for her swearing in

&mdash Constance Grady (@constancegrady) January 3, 2019


Legislative Metrics

Ideology&ndashLeadership Chart

Sinema is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the Senate positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Sinema has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Jun 24, 2021. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

Sinema splits with Democrats more often than all but 1 other senator

U.S. Sen. Kyrsten Sinema. Photo by Gage Skidmore | Flickr/CC BY-SA 2.0

WASHINGTON — U.S. Sen. Kyrsten Sinema has broken with her party on more votes than nearly every other U.S. senator so far this year.

The Arizona freshman Democrat, who won a historic election last fall in part by appealing to centrist and Republican voters, has maintained her independent streak since assuming her Senate seat in January.

She’s voted against Democrats 27.5% of the time so far this Congress, according to a ProPublica database . That puts her at No. 2 on the list of senators who break with their party most frequently, behind Democrat Joe Manchin of West Virginia.

Many of Sinema’s defections have been votes to confirm President Trump’s nominees to the executive branch and to federal courts, votes that have pleased some of her centrist backers while outraging some of her progressive constituents.

“It does not surprise me it delights me as a constituent and someone who knows her,” said Stan Barnes, an Arizona Republican political strategist. “I believe she will be rewarded for these types of votes someday.”

Two of her votes that garnered national media attention were her support for two Trump cabinet officials, Attorney General William Barr and Interior Secretary David Bernhardt. Both officials have come under fire from the left — Barr most notably for his defense of Trump in light of the release of Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s report and Bernhardt for his policies to boost domestic energy production.

“As Arizona’s senior Senator, Kyrsten will evaluate every presidential nominee based on whether he or she is professionally qualified, believes in the mission of his or her agency, and can be trusted to faithfully execute and uphold the law as it exists,” a Sinema spokeswoman told the Arizona Mirror this week.

Beyond those high-profile picks, Sinema has also helped confirm several other lower-level executive branch officials and judicial nominees.

This month, she joined Republicans to confirm Richard Hertling as a Judge on the U.S. Court of Federal Claims for a 15-year term. Hertling has come under fire from progressive groups for refusing to say that the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education ruling — which struck down state laws establishing segregation in public schools — was correctly decided.

Hertling told the Senate Judiciary in written comments , “ Brown is a seminal case and a crucial moment in U.S. constitutional history. I would have no difficulty applying it to any case before me in which the decision was applicable. I believe, however, that it would be inappropriate for me, as a judicial nominee, to express a view as to whether Brown or any decision of the Supreme Court was correctly decided.”

Kristine Lucius, executive vice president for policy and government affairs at The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, called it a “moral floor” to say that Brown was correctly decided. “Senators should be clear on this standard and oppose the confirmation of nominees like Hertling,” she said in a statement.

Sinema also voted this month to back Susan Combs, Trump’s nominee for the Interior Department’s assistant secretary for policy, management and budget. The Texas rancher and former state comptroller was vehemently opposed by environmentalists. During her time as a Texas official, she referred to new endangered species listings as “incoming Scud missiles,” the Washington Post reported .

As she continues to buck her party in Washington, Sinema is facing friendly fire back home from Arizona progressives.

“We like Kyrsten. We just want her to vote like a Democrat,” said Dan O’Neal, Arizona State Coordinator for Progressive Democrats of America. “It’s a pretty simple request.”

Arizona progressives are prodding her in person, too. During Sinema’s speech last month at an Arizona Democratic Party dinner, members of the progressive group held up signs saying, “Vote like a Democrat.”

O’Neal noted that he considers Sinema an old friend. “It’s all in the family,” he said of the criticism.

But other political observers say Sinema’s centrist leanings are what helped her win a Senate seat in a state that hadn’t sent a Democrat to the chamber since Dennis DeConcini retired in 1995. Trump won the state by 4 points in the 2016 presidential election, and Arizona hasn’t voted for a Democratic presidential candidate since Bill Clinton clinched the state’s electoral votes in 1996.

Sinema is “measurably centrist” in the “mold of Dennis DeConcini,” Barnes said. “She did not run as a Democrat and she’s also not performing as a traditional national Democrat.”

Kyle Kondik, managing editor of Sabato’s Crystal Ball at the University of Virginia Center for Politics, said Sinema’s voting record reflects “pretty usual behavior,” given her position representing a Republican-leaning swing state.

He noted that she similarly voted strategically, sometimes breaking with her party, when she represented Arizona in the U.S. House. In the 115th Congress, in 2017 and 2018, Sinema was ranked as the second-most conservative Democrat in the House, according to an analysis by the website GovTrack.us.

“It’ll be interesting to see over the years — if she breaks with her party on big legislation — if she will attract a primary challenger in 2024,” Kondik said.

In contrast to Sinema, Arizona Republican Sen. Martha McSally has been among the senators most loyal to their party so far this Congress. She has split with Republicans on just 3.7% of the Senate votes this year, according to ProPublica. In the U.S. House from 2017 to 2018, McSally broke with Republicans on 7.2% of the votes.

Last month, she voted against Republicans (and Democrats) by rejecting a bipartisan disaster aid compromise after partisan sparring over border funding delayed the bill. McSally argued that the final product should have included $4.5 billion in funding for humanitarian aid and security at the U.S.-Mexico border.

McSally notably opposed Trump’s plans to impose tariffs on Mexican exports unless the country took steps to block undocumented immigrants from entering the United States. “While I support the President’s intention of stopping unchecked illegal immigration, I do not support these types of tariffs, which will harm our economy and be passed onto Arizona small businesses and families,” she said .

Her Senate record is in line with who she is, Barnes said of McSally. She is a workhorse and a “center-right elected official,” he added.

Senate candidate has history of sending racist, misogynist messages

Arizona U.S. Senate hopeful Craig Brittain made headlines yesterday after the owner of a company that helps candidates gather the petition signatures needed to qualify for the ballot said Brittain sent him racist text messages when he declined to work for the longshot campaign.

The messages sent to Drew Chavez, who owns Petition Partners, is far from the only example of Brittain’s online tirades.

This is why we dont work with candidates any more. And… sometimes I hate my job. ?? pic.twitter.com/wLOGbTZPsJ

— Drew Chavez (@drewchavez) August 21, 2019

Chavez was born in Safford, and his parents were both born in Bisbee. His wife and children are also American citizens.

Brittain, who has run unsuccessfully for the same seat in the past , is most well known for owning a now-defunct revenge porn website .

Since the site failed and Brittain was slapped with an FTC complaint as well as an FBI investigation , Brittain has moved into the political fringes.

He has also been behind some ideas such as his own version of Uber called Dryvyng which when a prospective venture capitalist declined to invest in, Brittain went on a racist tirade against him .

“You need to learn respect and to learn to listen, especially to racially superior people,” Brittain allegedly said in the screenshots reported on by Mic in 2017 . “Later you fucking raghead piece of shit.”

It also wasn’t the first time Brittain lashed out at a potential investor for Dryvyng.

In 2015, Brittain said to one potential investor , “I hope you get a terminal illness.”

More recently, Brittain was alleged to have gone off on Kim Coulter , niece to famed conservative pundit Ann Coulter, when she confronted him about how he conducted some of his business on his group chat.

“Society would benefit if anyone who disliked me just killed themselves,” Brittain is alleged to have said in the conversation with Coulter. “Just get the rope, or the belt, or the bag, or whatever method you like, and just go do it. I’ll celebrate at their funerals too.”

Brittain called the texts reported on yesterday by the Arizona Capitol Times “fake news,” despite the number associated with the texts being the same one on his campaign website.

Brittain also recently lost a bid in federal court to sue Twitter to force the company to reinstate his account after it was suspended . However, that hasn’t stopped “unaffiliated” accounts from popping up.

Arizona Senate race breaks record, pulling in whopping $133.7 million

Sen. Martha McSally, R-Arizona, and Democratic challenger, Mark Kelly, had raised more than $133.7 million total for the race as of Sept. 30, according to their latest campaign filings, making it the costliest race in state history. (Photos by Gage Skidmore/Creative Commons)

WASHINGTON – Arizona’s Senate race is now the state’s most expensive campaign, with the latest Federal Election Commission filings showing the two candidates have pulled in a staggering $133.7 million so far.

Republican Sen. Martha McSally had raised $50.9 million as of Sept. 30, while Democratic challenger Mark Kelly reported raising $82.8 million by that point, according to FEC reports posted Monday.

McSally reported having $12.1 million on hand for the remaining weeks of the campaign to Kelly’s $18.8 million.

Jason Rose, an Arizona political consultant, said the race “is definitely breaking records in terms of money raised.”

“So when you look at it historically, it appears that it will go down as the most expensive race in Arizona history,” Rose said. “This Senate race is going to dwarf previous races. And that’s just, that’s insane to think that a candidate can raise the amount of money that these candidates are raising.”

But it is not even the most-expensive Senate race in the country, according to FEC records, which showed the Arizona race trailed South Carolina, which had raised a total of $146.2 million, and Kentucky, which had brought in $137.6 million.

Rose said the high level of funding is another indicator of how much of a battleground state Arizona, typically a reliably red state, has become with Republican control of the Senate at stake.

“I think most people are starting to be convinced that Arizona is going to move into the ‘D’ column instead of the ‘R’ column for the first time in years,” Rose said. “That’s why the amount of money coming into the state is what it is.”

An analysis of the campaign reports by Opensecrets.org, a nonpartisan campaign watchdog organization. reported that 70.9% of McSally’s campaign funds came from out-of-state donors compared to 79.4% for Kelly.

Officials with McSally’s campaign did not immediately respond to requests for comment Monday. But a spokesman for Kelly’s campaign said the amount raised is evidence of the support for the Democrat.

“This campaign has been fueled by grassroots supporters chipping in what they can and volunteering their time because they’re ready for a senator who will work with Republicans and Democrats to get things done for Arizona,” said Jacob Peters, the Kelly communications director.

A RealClear Politics roundup of polls on Monday gave Kelly a 7.9 percentage point lead over McSally. With only two weeks until Election Day, Rose says the money is an indication of “the import of this race in particular.”

“You don’t see this amount of money flowing into Oklahoma or California, because those races are set,” Rose said. “And I think a year ago people thought that this race was going to be close and that it was going to be determinative for the U.S. Senate.”

Despite the high profile of the race, it has drawn little in terms of donations from political action committees relative to overall fundraising. Opensecrets.org’s analysis said McSally received $2.6 million from PACs, while Kelly took in only $644,555, according to their FEC reports. By contrast, the two have both received a significant amount of money from retirees in Arizona, the analysis said.

CNN reported last week that the McSally-Kelly race was already one of the most expensive Senate races ever. The two candidates have already raised three times as much $44.5 million that was just two years ago, when McSally faced off against Democratic Sen. Kyrsten Sinema to fill the seat vacated by Republican Sen. Jeff Flake.

Shortly after she lost that race, McSally was appointed by Gov. Doug Ducey to replace Republican Sen. John McCain, who died in 2018. This year’s race is a special election to fill out the remainder of McCain’s term, with this year’s victor up for re-election in 2022.

Rose said the fact that the seat will be up for grabs again in two years makes the amount of money raised this year even more impressive. But it also serves a purpose, he said, by sending a message to potential challengers down the road.

“You want to run up the score and send a message of, ‘Don’t mess with me in two years,'” he said.

But money is sending a message this year, too, he said.

“You know, money wins in politics. Not always, but usually,” Rose said. “So Mark Kelly has the money advantage, both directly and indirectly. It’s certainly positioned him for a victory here.”

Want more on the 2020 elections? Cronkite News, Arizona PBS and Indian Country Today have teamed up to bring you comprehensive election coverage. Click here for more.

Catherine Fusillo is from Houston and expects to graduate with bachelor’s degrees in journalism and political science. She has been a political reporter at the State Press and an intern at KUHF in Houston.

10 Oldest U.S. Senators that Ever Lived (Updated 2021)

In the United States, a person must be at least 30 years old in order to serve as a Senator. Due to this rule, the average age of currently serving Senators is 64 years old with most Senators taking office at the age of 51. With such high average ages, it’s no surprise that several Senators have served in their 80s and beyond. In fact, the oldest person to ever serve as a Senator was 100 years old! In addition to being some of the oldest U.S. Senators ever, several people on this list are also the longest-serving Senators in U.S. history.

As of February 2021 this list is as accurate as possible and will be updated as needed.

10. Richard Shelby (May 6, 1934 – Present)

Oldest Age While Serving: currently 86 years, 8 months, 28 days
State: Alabama
Party: Republican (was Democratic until 1994)
Years Served: January 3, 1987 – Present (34 years, 1 month and counting)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Richard Shelby is the third oldest member of the current U.S. Senate at nearly 87 years of age. Shelby is the longest-serving Senator from Alabama, having surpassed John Sparkman’s previous record back in March 2019.

Shelby first became a Senator in 1987, winning a tight race as a Democrat (he was one of the most conservative Democrats in Congress). He was re-elected again in 1992 although Bill Clinton did not win the state of Alabama in the Presidential Election. However, in 1994, following the Republican Revolution, Shelby switched his party affiliation and has remained a Republican since then.

Prior to serving as a U.S. Senator, Shelby was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for a decade and before that, he was a member of the Alabama Senate.

Did You Know?

As a very conservative Democrat, Richard Shelby a member of the boll weevils, a group of moderate to conservative-leaning Democrats who often worked with Republican President Ronald Reagan on defense issues.

9. Andrew Houston (June 21, 1854 – June 26, 1941)

Oldest Age While Serving: 87 years, 5 days
State: Texas
Party: Democratic
Years Served: April 21, 1941 – June 26, 1941 (3 months, 5 days)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Andrew Houston is best known as the son of the famous Texas hero and statesman Sam Houston, who was the President of the Republic of Texas. Houston studied law and had various careers including serving as a clerk of the Dallas federal court, a colonel in the Texas National Guard, and U.S. Marshal for the eastern district of Texas. He unsuccessfully ran for Governor of Texas in 1892 as a Republican candidate and was also a Prohibition Part candidate for Governor in 1910 and 1918.

In 1941, Houston was appointed by Texas Governor W. Lee O’Daniel to temporarily serve as Senator after John Morris Sheppard died in office. Houston joined the Senate as a Democrat, making him the oldest man to enter the Senate, and filled the seat from April 1941 until his death a few months later – his 87 th birthday took place a few days before he died.

Did You Know?

Andrew Houston’s middle name is Jackson and he was named for his father’s mentor President Andrew Jackson.

8. Chuck Grassley (September 7, 1933 – Present)

Oldest Age While Serving: currently 87 years, 4 months, 17 days
State: Iowa
Party: Republican
Years Served: January 3, 1981 – Present (40 years, 1 month and counting)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Chuck Grassley is currently the second oldest sitting member of the Senate, having been born a few months after Dianne Feinstein. In addition to being one of the oldest living senators, Grassley is one of the longest-serving at over 39 years.

Before becoming a Senator, Grassley served in the Iowa House of Representatives and then the U.S. House of Representatives. He has been in government since 1959 (61 years)! After Orrin Hatch retired in 2019, Grassley became the most senior Republican in the Senate.

Did You Know?

Chuck Grassley has served as the president pro tempore of the Senate since 2019 and is currently third in the line of presidential selection (after the vice president and speaker of the House).

7. Rebecca Felton (June 10, 1835 – January 24, 1930)

Oldest Age While Serving: 87 years, 5 months, 12 days
State: Georgia
Party: Democratic
Years Served: November 21, 1922 – November 22, 1922 (1 day)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Rebecca Felton is being included on this list as she was 87 years old during her one day tenure as the U.S. Senator of Georgia. Although Felton only served for one day, she was officially sworn in, which makes her the first woman to be seated in the Senate. Felton was appointed to fill the vacant senatorial seat when Senator Thomas E. Watson prematurely died. Governor Thomas W. Hardwick, who was a candidate for the next general election to the Senate, wanted someone who was not a threat to him in the upcoming special election to temporarily fill the seat.

Hardwick’s plan did not work and Walter F. George won the special election and he allowed her to be sworn in rather than take his Senate seat immediately – George was officially sworn in the next day. Felton was a prominent society woman who advocated for prison reform, women’s suffrage, and educational modernization.

Did You Know?

Despite advocating for women’s rights, Rebecca Felton was a slave owner who openly supported lynching.

6. Dianne Feinstein (June 22, 1933 – Present)

Oldest Age While Serving: currently 87 years, 7 months, 12 days
State: California
Party: Democratic
Years Served: November 4, 1992 – Present (28 years, 2 months, 30 days and counting)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Dianne Feinstein is the U.S. Senator of California and currently the oldest sitting member of the Senate at nearly 87 years old. Feinstein is known for being a liberal, left-leaning politician who has dedicated her life to serving the people of California. Prior to serving as Senator, Feinstein was elected as the mayor of San Francisco after the assassination of Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk in 1978.

Upon her appointment, Feinstein became San Francisco’s first female mayor – she ran for mayor the following year and won and then went on to hold the position until 1988. In 1992, Feinstein along with Barbara Boxer became California’s first two female Senators. Feinstein is also the first and currently only woman to have chaired the Senate Rules Committee and the Select Committee on Intelligence. Following the retirement of Barbara Mikulski in January 2017, Feinstein became the longest-serving female U.S. Senator still serving in the Senate.

Did You Know?

Currently, Dianne Feinstein is the only woman to have presided over a U.S. presidential inauguration (President Barack Obama’s in 2009).

5. Daniel Inouye (September 7, 1924 – December 17, 2012)

Oldest Age While Serving: 88 years, 3months, 10 days
State: Hawaii
Party: Democratic
Years Served: January 3, 1963 – December 17, 2012 (49 years, 11 months, 15 days)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Daniel Inouye is the second longest-serving senator in U.S. history, serving for nearly 50 years before he died while in office in 2012. Inouye had continuously been re-elected as the Senator of Hawaii since he first entered office in 1963. At the time of his death, Inouye was serving as the Senate’s President Pro Tempore, a position he first held in 2010.

Inouye was Japanese American and was born and raised in Honolulu, Hawaii. Although he was only in high school at the time, Inouye enlisted in U.S. Army’s 442nd Regimental Combat Team in late 1942 following the attacks on Pearl Harbor. Inouye’s unit was segregated and only created after Army lifted its ban on Japanese-Americans. Following World War II, Inouye attended college to study political science. Inouye began his political career in 1953 when he was elected to the Hawaii territorial House of Representatives.

Did You Know?

Daniel Inouye lost his right arm to a grenade during World War II. For his service and bravery, Inouye received the Medal of Honor, which was only awarded to him in 2000.

4. Carl Hayden (October 2, 1877 – January 25, 1972)

Oldest Age While Serving: 91 years, 3 months, 1 day
State: Arizona
Party: Democratic
Years Served: March 4, 1927 – January 3, 1969 (41 years, 9 months, 30 days)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Carl Hayden was Arizona’s first U.S. Representative, serving for eight terms before becoming the Senator of Arizona. Hayden was the first Senator to serve seven terms and at one point, he was the longest-serving member of Congress – he is now the third longest-serving member.

Hayden was known for backing legislation dealing with public lands, mining, reclamation, and other projects affecting the Western United States he also payed a key part in creating the funding formula for the federal highway system. Hayden was highly regard by other members of Congress as he assisted many projects for other senators.

Did You Know?

Carl Hayden was known as the “Silent Senator” as he did not speak much on the Senate floor, but had great influence in committee meetings and Senate cloakroom discussions.

3. Robert Byrd (November 20, 1917 – June 28, 2010)

Oldest Age While Serving: 92 years, 7 months, 8 days
State: West Virginia
Party: Democratic
Years Served: January 3, 1959 – June 28, 2010 (51 years, 5 months, 26 days)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Robert Byrd (born Cornelius Calvin Sale Jr.) is best known as the longest-serving U.S. Senator, he served for 51 years in the Senate until his death in 2010 at age 92. At the time of his death, Byrd was also the longest-serving member of the U.S. Congress – he also served in the House of Representatives – with a combined total tenure in Congress of 57 years. Byrd’s record was later broken by John Dingell who served for 59 years.

Although Byrd was a Democrat, early on in his career he was a part of the wing of the Democratic Party that opposed desegregation and civil rights. He joined in a filibuster of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and voted against the Voting Rights Act of 1965, but he voted for the Civil Rights Act of 1968. Byrd eventually rose to a prominent position within Congress – he served as secretary of the Senate Democratic Caucus, Senate Majority Whip, Senate Majority Leader, Senate Minority Leader, and President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate.

Did You Know?

During the 1940s, Robert Byrd was briefly a member of the Ku Klux Klan, but he eventually left the group and later in his life, Byrd said that joining the KKK was his greatest mistake.

2. Theodore F. Green (October 2, 1867 – May 19, 1966)

Oldest Age While Serving: 93 years, 3 months, 1 day
State: Rhode Island
Party: Democratic
Years Served: January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1961 (24 years)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Theodore F. Green was a Democrat who served as the Senator of Rhode Island for over 20 years. Until Strom Thurmond broke his record, Green was the oldest U.S. senator ever, retiring at age 93. Before he became Senator in 1937, Green served as the 57 th Governor of Rhode Island from 1933 – 1937.

Green was known for being very loyal to the Democratic presidents he served under, but he was also one of the few northern Democrats to show loyalty to President Dwight D. Eisenhower, a Republican. He was also a strong supporter of internationalism and opposed the Nazi expansion in Europe. Throughout his career as a senator, Green supported civil rights legislation.

Did You Know?

Unlike most politicians, Theodore Green was a lifelong bachelor and never had any kids.

1. Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003)

Oldest Age While Serving: 100 years, 29 days
State: South Carolina
Party: Democratic (before 1964) and Republican (from 1964 – 2003)
Years Served: December 24, 1954 – April 4, 1956 and November 7, 1956 – January 3, 2003 (47 years, 5 months, 8 days)

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Strom Thurmond is known for being the oldest United States Senator ever, serving until he was 100 years old. Thurmond died a few months after he retired. Early in his political career when he served as Governor of South Carolina (as a Democrat), Thurmond was fairly progressive as he supported fair wages for women, aid for black educational institutions, and rent control. However, he opposed the Democratic Party’s Civil Rights program.

Thurmond initially served as a Democrat during his first term as Senator, but switched to the Republican Party in 1956. After that, he continued to be re-elected for several decades and emerged as a prominent leader of a more conservative Republican Party – he is known for his pro-segregation policies. After his death, it was revealed that he had secret biracial who was born in 1925, she was 78 when she revealed that Thurmond was her father.

Did You Know?

At the 1948 convention, Strom Thurmond led the walkout of Southern Democrats in opposition of the Democrat’s Civil Rights program.

John McCain: 10 major political moments in the Arizona Senator's life

Take a look at 10 of the most significant political moments in McCain’s life, in chronological order:

1. McCain enters politics as a U.S. Congressman in 1983
After returning home from his time as prisoner of war, he began working for his father-in-law’s company, Hensley & Co., as their vice president of public relations. In 1982, McCain chose to run for the first congressional seat of Arizona as a Republican. During his campaign, critics referred to him as a “carpetbagger,” or someone who travels to Southern states with more radically-slanted Republican ideals. In response, McCain delivered a powerful statement, indicating that, at that time, the location in which he had lived the longest was Hanoi (where he was as a P.O.W.). McCain won the primary and the congressional seat.

2. McCain becomes a U.S. Senator for Arizona
In 1986, McCain made the decision to run for one of Arizona’s Senate seats. He easily won the seat and moved into the role in 1987. This seat was previously vacated by Barry Goldwater, who announced his retirement from Senate.

3. McCain delivers speech at 1988 RNC convention
This moment marked one of McCain’s first moments of national visibility. At the 1988 Republican National Convention, McCain delivered a powerful speech and began to make a national name for himself. He was on the shortlist to be George H. W. Bush’s running mate in the 1988 Presidential election.

4. McCain is involved in the Keating 5 scandal
McCain, along with four other U.S. Senators, became embroiled in a years-long scandal known as the Keating 5. Charles Keating Jr., of Lincoln Savings and Loan Association, contributed money and flights to McCain in 1987. That same year, Keating contacted McCain and four other senators in an attempt to prevent seizure of the loan company by the government.McCain met with federal regulators twice in regards to the possible seizure. After review from the Senate Ethics Committee, McCain was cleared of any wrongdoing.

5. McCain joins the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs
From 1991 to 1993, Sen. McCain joined the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs. This committee’s intent was to investigate issues regarding U.S. personnel that went MIA or were taken as POWs during the Vietnam War. McCain, along with the committee’s chairman, Sen. John Kerry, had first-hand experience, as they were both veterans of the war and McCain was a prisoner of war. The committee came to the conclusion that there were no longer any U.S. personnel listed as POW/MIA that were living in Southeast Asia.

6. McCain makes his first presidential run
On September 27, 1999, McCain announced his candidacy for the President of the United States, in which he traveled across the country with the brand, “The Straight Talk Express.” He later withdrew from the primary after falling behind George W. Bush, who later won the presidency.

7. The McCain-Feingold Act (Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act) becomes law
In March 2002, the McCain-Feingold Act, also known as the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, was signed into law. The act amended the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974, focusing on the issues of soft money and issue advocacy advertisements. It is considered to be one of McCain’s greatest political achievements.

8. McCain announces Sarah Palin as his Presidential running mate
During McCain’s 2008 run for the President of the United States, he made a surprising announcement for his running mate: Sarah Palin. At the time, Palin was the governor of Alaska. This was the first time a Republican nominee for President of the United States had a female running mate.

9. McCain makes his 2008 concession speech
After being defeated by Barack Obama in the 2008 Presidential election race, McCain gave a meaningful concession speech that acknowledged the significance of Obama becoming the first African-American President.

10. McCain votes ‘no’ on Republicans’ attempt at an Obamacare repeal
During the 2016 election year, McCain took a stand against Obamacare, saying that he was in favor of repealing and replacing it. On July 28, 2017, a “skinny repeal” of the Affordable Care Act was brought to a vote. Just two weeks after undergoing surgery that revealed he had brain cancer, McCain cast his vote against the repeal, thwarting it. With his vote, he also called out the practice of party-line voting.

Arizona Senate president claims entire database deleted from election system

Arizona State Senate President Karen Fann wrote a letter stating that that Election Management System's database, which information was subject to a subpoena by the state senate, has been deleted.

Amid the extended look into Arizona's election system and the results of the 2020 general presidential election, Arizona State Senate President Karen Fann wrote a letter asking for a meeting to resolve supposed disparities in Maricopa County's final vote tallies, as uncovered by the an audit of that election.

Fann stated that that Election Management System's database, which information was subject to a subpoena by the state senate, has been deleted, according to the Arizona Independent News Network.

Fann's letter to Jack Sellers, chair of the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors, reads "We have recently discovered that the entire 'Database' directory from the D drive of the machine 'EMSPrimary' has been deleted. This removes election related details that appear to have been covered by the subpoena."

"This suggests that the main database for all election related data for the November 2020 General Election has been removed. Can you please advise as to why these folders were deleted, and whether there are any backups that may contain the deleted folders?"

The Arizona audit is continuing, and Florida-based cyber-security firm Cyber Ninjas has been contracted to "oversee an unprecedented, partisan review of the 2020 election in Arizona’s largest county. They are conducting a hand recount of all 2.1 million ballots and looking into baseless conspiracy theories suggesting there were problems with the election, which have grown popular with supporters of former President Donald Trump," according to the AP.

The AP reported additionally that Sellers "did not directly respond to Fann's request for county officials to answer questions at the Senate on Tuesday, but said the county will hold its own public meeting the day before 'to refute lies and lay out facts about these issues.'"

The Biden administration, The Daily Wire reports, attempted to put a halt to the audit. The DOJ's head of the civil rights division, Pamela S. Karlan, wrote "that the recount of nearly 2.1 million ballots in Maricopa County by a private contractor may not comply with federal law, which requires that ballots be securely maintained for 22 months following a federal election."

"We have a concern that Maricopa County election records, which are required by federal law to be retained and preserved, are no longer under the ultimate control of elections officials, are not being adequately safeguarded by contractors, and are at risk of damage or loss," Karlan wrote.

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